Word News from the Chemical Industries

  • What is Recombinant DNA Technology? Recombinant DNA technology (rDNA technology) is a process that is used for producing artificial DNA through the combination of different genetic materials (DNA) from different sources. Recombinant DNA is possible because DNA molecules from all organisms have the same chemical structure but differ only in the nucleotide sequence. The idea […]
  • What is Nucleotide? A nucleotide that contains a nitrogenous base, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate group in its structure is the basic building block of nucleic acids − deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). Nucleotides are organic biopolymers that can be synthesized in our bodies and are essential for our life. Purine and pyrimidine […]
  • What are Nucleic Acids? Nucleic acids are biopolymers, macromolecules that carry genetic information and participate in protein synthesis. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are the two classes of nucleic acids for all known forms of life. They are long-chain polymers composed of nucleotides. These nucleotides are the monomer components that contain a sugar unit, […]
  • What is DNA? Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the polymer of deoxyribonucleotides which is found in most animals, plants, and some viruses. Deoxyribonucleic acid carries genetic instructions for the development, growth, biological functioning, and reproduction of all known living organisms. Therefore, it is a biological instructor that makes each species unique. Hydrolysis of deoxyribonucleic acids by […]
  • What is Collagen Protein? Collagen is the most abundant protein in mammals that forms approximately one-third of the total body protein. Collagen is a type of protein that is found mostly in our connective tissue of cartilage, bones, tendons, ligaments, and skin. The structure of collagen contains several amino acids which bound together to form […]